Last week i decided to improve the readability and reduce the config file size of my alertmanager configuration. Few different receivers for several teams, loads of duplicated config, so better DRY.
After banging my head a little bit thinking of wrapping template creation etc which would add a bit of complexity in the process and maintenance overhead, i decided to look at alertmanager precious, but sometimes vague, documentation.
Turned to be that some bits of the receivers can be templated! (using nasty gotpl but still has a point) That meant that i could do, using data coming from some place? (alerts?) send the alert to a specific channel based of dynamic data, use one receiver to rule them all (or as many as you need eh) This would also give the users the chance to send the user to whever they want based of data, labels in this case.
My issue resided mostly in slack so here go. Hence i found this in the alertmanager config Congratulations buddy!!
# The channel or user to send notifications to. channel: <tmpl_string>
So, i thought, lets try it out.
What do i need to start using this?
Data Normalization first. I needed to have some data normalisation across the board, which sometimes is not the case but i was 95% there. This is basically to ensure every data will come with the labels that will be used to route the alerts dynamically. These could be:
Re-org the receivers and channels Based of the metadata available, organise carefully the receivers and channels. From multiple channels you can end up having only one!!!
Create a template in alertmanager The template will spit out the raw value or transformed depending on labels so here is when you take the decision on how to tackle it.
Setting up the solution, hands on.
This is a simple and quick example, this can go further than this.
- Populate your alertmanager gotpl using existing data. ```
2. **Group your alerts** per environment!!!! This will ensure your template ranging will pick up only one in a kind environment.
group_by: [ env]
3. **Modify your receiver** accordingly to reflect the use of the template. ```receivers: - name: YourReceiver slack_configs: - channel: '#alerts-to-env-'
This is effectively one receiver to rule them all.
- Normalize the data among your alerts, prometheus rules.
- Test it! :)
Use alertmanager metrics to see whether there was some issue sending alerts :) Or logs :)